Create a confident & healthy eater with my new book: Baby Self-Feeding

On Sale Now! Quarto Amazon Indigo Barnes & Noble Indiebound

Gestational Diabetes

August 27th, 2011 | By: Nancy Ripton
How to diagnose and manage gestational diabetes

In This Article

Gestational Diabetes

Four percent of Canadian women will get gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during their pregnancy. The good news? The negative side effects are easy to control once gestational diabetes is diagnosed.

Gestational diabetes risks

No one is immune to gestational diabetes, but certain groups are at an elevated risk. Obesity plays the largest factor in the development of gestational diabetes, along with excess weight gain during pregnancy. “Obesity makes it more difficult for insulin to work,” says Denice Feig, an endocrinologist at the Leadership Sinai Centre for Diabetes at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto.

Age is also a factor. Gestational diabetes risks increase after age 35.

As with diabetes types I and II, genetics and ethnicity play a role. High risk populations include: Aboriginal, Hispanic, African and Asian. Other high-risk groups include women with a previous history of gestational diabetes, or delivery of a macrosomic (excessive birth weight) baby, a history of polycystic ovary syndrome, acanthosis nigricans (dark patches on the skin), and/or the use of corticosteroids.